Bioremediation of Iron and Steel Industrial Waste: A Review

Research Area: Volume 4,Issue 4, July 2015 Year: 2015
Type of Publication: Article Keywords: Steel Industry, Waste Management, Bioremediation
Authors:
  • Jayapriya. D
  • P. Senthil Kumar
  • K. K. Kavitha
Journal: IJEIR Volume: 4
Number: 4 Pages: 659-663
Month: July
Abstract:
Steel is one of the most basic materials essential for industrialization and plays a vital role in the country's economic development. India is gifted with natural resources required for a healthy and vigorous iron and steel industry. India is at present producing nearly 8.4 million tones of saleable finished steel per year. India is exporting steel products to the tune of nearly on tones. With the liberalization of import tariff on finished steel items the Indian steel manufacturers are able to cut down the cost of production and is competing in the world market. Private industrialists are ready to invest new steel projects. This paper reviews current knowledge of waste management through bioremediation in Indian Steel Industry, approaches to environmental improvement and examines various options to environmental management plan keeping in view of the importance of sustainable endurance of environment and other natural resources. Iron and steel industry which comprises, mining of ores, preparation of raw materials, agglomeration of fines in sinter plant, feeding of burden to blast furnace, manufacturing of coke in coke ovens, conversion of pig iron to steel, making and shaping of steel goods, granulation of slag for its use in cement plant, recovery of chemicals from Benzyl and tar products etc. etc. All the above mentioned operations add to air, water, land and noise pollution.

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