Calorific Value of Palm Oil Residues for Energy Utilisation

Research Area: Volume 4,Issue 4, July 2015 Year: 2015
Type of Publication: Article Keywords: Biomass, Oil Palm Residues, Moisture content, Calorific Value, Energy
Authors:
  • Onochie Uche Paul
  • Itoje Harrison John
  • Itabor Ndubuisi
  • Akhator Peter
  • Ojariafe Godspower
Journal: IJEIR Volume: 4
Number: 4 Pages: 664-667
Month: July
Abstract:
Energy is a social and economic necessity of any country. These energy services are essential for economic growth and improved living standards for the increasing population. Nigeria generates a lot of residues from the oil palm industries and these residues can be used as an alternative energy source. This paper presents a laboratory analyses carried out on oil palm fruit residues, particularly Empty fruit bunch EFB, Palm kernel shell PKS, and Palm kernel fibre PK. Moisture content and Calorific value of the residues were determined for energy utilisation. The moisture content for the palm kernel shell is 6%, fibre is 14% and empty fruit bunch is 29%. The calorific value of the palm kernel shell is 23,604.71kJ/kg; fibre is 14,511.96kJ/kg and empty fruit bunch is 17,854.807kJ/kg. From the result, oil palm residues could serve as an alternative energy source that could significantly and sustainably contribute to the Nigeria energy mix.

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