Traditional Coping Strategies of Borana Pastoralists for Climate Extremes: A case of Yabello District, Borana Zone, Ethiopia

Research Area: Volume 5,Issue 3, May 2016 Year: 2016
Type of Publication: Article Keywords: Coping Strategies, Climate Change, Pastoralist
Authors:
  • Dirriba Mengistu
  • Jema Haji
Journal: IJEIR Volume: 5
Number: 3 Pages: 210-216
Month: May
ISSN: 2277-5668
Abstract:
This study was undertaken in Yabello district of Borana zone to identify the ongoing coping strategies of pastoralists in topical condition. The primary data collected from 123-sample households was analyzed using multinomial logit model. The major coping strategies most commonly used in study area were Livestock diversification based coping strategies, integrated crop-livestock based diversification based coping strategies, livestock diversification, water and rangeland management based coping strategies and Livestock diversification, income earning opportunities and strategic feeding system based coping strategies. The multinomial logit model result indicated that sex of household head, education status of household head, size of livestock holding, market distance from homestead, access to credit, access to early warning information, access to training and pastoral/agro-pastoral income determines among coping strategies for climate extremes. Generally, the pastorals’ coping strategies for climate extremes inclined to a multi-choice coping strategies. Accordingly, establishment of formal early warning information, improving access to market, improving access to economic credit scheme, improving livestock ownership and income of the household would enhance the pastoral capacity to the employ a multi-choice coping strategies.

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