The Reorganization of Agricultural Extension Toward Sustainable Agricultural Development in Eastern Libya

Research Area: Volume 1 Issue 4, July 2012 Year: 2012
Type of Publication: Article Keywords: Sustainable agricultural development, Agricultural Extension, Eastern Libya
Authors:
  • Jadalla. A. E. Omar
  • Abu Hassan Abu Bakar
  • Hasnah md. Jais
  • Faisal Moftah Shalloof
Journal: IJEIR Volume: 1
Number: 4 Pages: 355 -359
Month: July
ISSN: 2277-5668
Abstract:
The specific objectives of Sustainable agricultural development are to enhance food security; to increase productivity and competitiveness of the sector; to deepen linkages with other sectors; to create new sources of growth for the sector; and to conserve and utilize natural resources in a sustainable basis. The agricultural extension services can play a crucial role in providing this network of information on sustainable agricultural education. Thus, the role of agricultural extension is very important to support Sustainable agricultural development which is moving from production to a wider set of sustainability and environmental objectives may need to change their extension approach. To fulfill this objective, a sample of 46 Managers, Deputy Directors, respondents was selected through simple of sampling technique. A survey study was applied as a methodology of research .A questionnaire was used to collect the data and Analysis of descriptive statistics. Results: According to factor analysis, the implications for sustainable agricultural development were categorized into two groups consisting: (a) The Decentralization (b) The Pluralism. That decentralization is high with Delegate the local committees (local leaders, farmers’ organizations and agricultural credit organizations) for the dissemination of sustainable agricultural development programs and for the collection of taxes and financial charges from the farmers due to the extension services and loans of 67.4% .While 69.6 % of Managers and Deputy Directors mentioned that high performance of Pluralism is Providing training for farmers organizations’ staff. To achieve this participation, extension organizations would need to formally of decentralization and Pluralism or transfer the control of specific program planning and management functions to the system levels of local Agricultural extension, Private sector organizations, Farmers organizations and Education organizations where extension programs are actually implemented for supporting Sustainable agricultural development in Eastern Libya.

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